Family Medicine also known as, Family Practice, is a medical specialty that provides comprehensive care for the individual and their family. Practitioners in family medicine see everyone from before birth thru their whole life. Family Medicine has been a specialty since 1969. After medical school, specialists in Family Medicine complete a formal three year residency program that trains them in the latest advances in diagnosis and treatment, across the breadth of medicine. Family practice physicians have the expertise to handle the vast majority of health care needs.